At the lower end of the tonal scale, dynamic range is determined by the point at which there ceases to be any useful difference between adjacent tonal steps. There is also an Auto setting available. Download firmware for Nikon digital products (firmware being the built-in software that controls cameras and other devices). There are a number of hot pixels visible at higher ISOs (ISO 800+) and also at lower ISOs when Long Exposure NR is turned off, but that's not unusual. Just a short video comparing the video quality of the Nikon D5100 and the Canon T3i. Examples are all shot at ISO 100, and include in-camera Fine JPEG, the RAW file processed through Nikon's free ViewNX version 2.1.2 software, and the RAW file processed through Adobe Camera Raw (ACR) version 6.4, then sharpened in Photoshop. digital cameras produce color that's more highly saturated (more intense) individual strands are lost and an almost "watercolor" look appears. Edge enhancement creates the illusion of sharpness by enhancing color and tonal differences right at the edge of a rapid transition in color or tone. NikonHacker, the Nikon firmware hack similar to Magic Lantern for Canon cameras, has just released an updated firmware hack that unlocks full manual video recording on the Nikon D5100. Very good low-light performance, capable of capturing bright images in near darkness. Boxing week saw some great sales, but also, a lot of liquidation of refurb stock. There is also an Auto setting available. What we care about as photographers is how much detail we can pull out of the shadows before image noise becomes too objectionable. The Nikon D5100 comes with a built-in intervalometer that enables you to capture incredible time-lapse sequences. Please Note: A full video tutorial on how to do this will be presented on an upcoming episode of Category5 Technology TV. The Nikon D5100's noise performance is very similar to that of the D7000. ISO 1,600 prints look quite good at 13 x 19 inches. With the sensitivity at 3200 ISO weâd say the Nikon D5100 begins to enjoy a small lead over the Canon in overall quality, and similarly the 6400 ISO sample from the Nikon is also preferred. Nikon D5100 16.2MP CMOS Digital SLR Camera with 3-Inch Vari-Angle LCD Monitor (Body Only) 4.2 out of 5 stars 256 Nikon D3500 24.2MP DSLR Camera with AF-P 18-55mm VR Lens & 70-300mm Dual Zoom Lens Kit 1588 (Renewed) with 16GB Accessory Bundle The D5100 offers four AF-area modes for use during movie capture: Face-priority AF, Wide-area AF, Normal-area AF, and the aforementioned Subject-Tracking AF. The Nikon D5100 handled tough outdoor lighting under harsh sunlight well, producing good overall color. The saturation adjustment also has almost no impact on contrast. Color balance with auto white balance was fairly neutral at higher light levels, but took on an increasingly strong blue or magenta cast as light levels dropped. If youâre new to digital photography, chances are youâve resorted to using Auto mode for all subjects and situations. (We'd say unacceptably so.) Hue is "what color" the color is. Because digital cameras are more like slide film than negative film (in that they tend to have a more limited tonal range), we test them in the harshest situations to see how they handle scenes with bright highlights and dark shadows, as well as what kind of sensitivity they have in low light. Diffraction at small apertures means you'd usually want to avoid f/16 or f/22 for still images, but again, the results generally look perfectly fine at video resolutions. Movie editing. Face Detection. For ACR, we found best results by disabling sharpening in ACR, and sharpening instead in Photoshop with strong but tight 350% unsharp masking with a 0.3 pixel radius. 100 Select Auto ISO senstivity control. The crop above right shows only minimal detail loss due to noise suppression, as the darker areas of the model's hair show a lot of detail. The good news is that, while not quite in single-lens direct view or compact camera territory, the D5100's contrast detection autofocus is quicker than the average, among those offered by its peers. 2x better video recording quality (main camera)? The Nikon D5100 gives you four options for high ISO noise reduction: Off, Low, Normal, and High, so you have some flexibility in deciding how much noise to trade for detail. Most digital cameras will fail miserably when faced with a moving subject in dim If the Mode dial is in the A or M positions, however, you can shoot movies in Aperture-priority mode, with the proviso that you must dial in your desired aperture prior to entering Live View mode, unless you're shooting with a PC-E lens. As is often the case, the D5100's metering system struggled a bit with getting the exposure right at the lowest levels though, so we used manual exposure for these shots. This, of course, is a very subjective matter, and will vary with the application and even the subject matter in question. With the Mode dial set to any position except A or M, the main exposure variables -- shutter speed, aperture, and ISO sensitivity -- all remain under automatic control when recording movies with the Nikon D5100. Detail. When Active D-Lighting is enabled, the camera usually exposes for the highlights in an attempt to preserve them, then adjusts the tone curve to bring the midtones and shadows back up to produce an image that doesn't look underexposed. This is simply because most people This is part of a larger review of these two DSLR cameras at The Discerning Photographer. Unlike some of Nikon's digital SLRs, the D5100's Live View mode -- from which Movie recording is initiated -- lacks the company's separate Handheld and Tripod modes. The Manual white balance setting by far produced the most accurate results, if just a touch cool. Find great deals on Nikon lenses in Brockton, MA on OfferUp. This is useful if you'd like to for instance record in monochrome, or with more saturated colors, etc. The series of shots above shows results with several different contrast adjustment settings, showing the minimum step size around the default, as well as both extremes. Compared to the Nikon D7000 which uses the same or very similar sensor, the D5100 scored slightly lower at the "High" quality level (7.74 vs 7.97 f-stops), though total dynamic range was slightly better (10.2 vs 10.0 f-stops). oversaturation is most problematic is on Caucasian skin tones, as it's very Again, some settings do a very good job of taming hot highlights while bringing up some of the shadows and deeper midtones, though notice the desaturation of colors, especially in the sky when using higher settings. If it is, it can only correct for very small amounts of camera movement between shots, and so Nikon recommends the use of a tripod. Taking the margin of error into account, dynamic range performance was indeed very similar to the Nikon D7000, which is to say, very good. The D5100's Linear PCM audio is recorded with a bit depth of 16-bits, and a sampling rate of 48 kHz, plenty enough for good quality audio. The Nikon D5100 also has ISO Sensitivity Auto Control, activated from the shooting menu. A measure of Nikon's confidence in the D5100's contrast detection performance can, perhaps, be read from the fact that it not only offers full-time AF during movie capture, but also provides an AF tracking function. More saturated colors are located toward the periphery of the graph. Check out the links below for more sample images, videos and image quality analysis: Nikon pioneered video capability in its D90 digital SLR, and it's rapidly become a must-have feature, with essentially all the major manufacturers now providing some form of video capture in their DSLRs. The D5100 will then indicate the point at which it is currently tracking the subject with a focus frame that changes between either green to indicate a focus lock, or red to indicate that a focus lock hasn't currently been attained. (This one lens type allows aperture changes during live view, but for all other lens types, the aperture value remains locked until you exit live view.) This is an excellent score, among the best cameras we've tested to date. Overall a very impressive performance from the Nikon D5100, on par with the Nikon D7000 to a large extent. Still, it's a useful feature for capturing static scenes with dynamic range that exceeds the sensor for those not willing to use manual HDR techniques (bracketing exposure and then combining images while post-processing). Finally, the non-standard 640 x 424 pixel mode has an approximate 3:2 aspect ratio. It boasts 16.2 megapixels of resolution, sophisticated full HD movie-making capabilities, and blazing fast automatic focus. It also offers limited in-camera movie editing functionality. JPEG. Sunlight:The Nikon D5100 handled the deliberately harsh lighting very well in the above test. A note about focus for this shot: We shoot this image at f/4, using one of three very sharp reference lenses (70mm Sigma f/2.8 macro for most cameras, 60mm f/2.8 Nikkor macro for Nikon bodies without a drive motor, and Olympus Zuiko 50mm f/2.0 for Four Thirds and Micro Four Thirds bodies). The effects can often be seen in shots of human hair, where the Compared to the Motion JPEG format used by some cameras, H.264 is much more conservative of memory card space. The blue channel was lost in some of the deeper shadows, but shadow noise was very low. The Nikon D5100 produced very good detail, but there's a slight softness in its images overall, even when using the sharp Nikon 35mm f/1.8G prime lens at f/8 as was used for the house crop above left. Some minor edge enhancement artifacts are visible on high-contrast subjects such as the crop above left, but overall results are still very good. See below for how Active D-Lighting worked on our Far-field House shot. The highest resolution 1,920 x 1,080 pixel mode is commonly known as Full HD or 1,080p, and has a 16:9 aspect ratio. See the Thumbnails index page for more (look for the files named D5100OUTBSATx.JPG). At bottom left is a 3.5mm stereo microphone jack, allowing use of an external microphone. Finally, the Subject-tracking AF function allows you to manually position the point from which autofocus tracking should commence, and to start or stop the function by pressing the OK button when your subject falls under the AF point. These both offers a choice of three frame rates, nominally listed as 30, 25, and 24 frames per second, although the highest and lowest rates are actually 29.97 and 23.976 fps. Simply switching moving to a shoe-mount mic with some form of shock mount can do wonders for your DSLR audio, while moving the mic off camera at a distance can completely resolve the issue. 6400 Select Minimum shutter speed. Depending on the file format involved, it can take a pretty beefy computer to handle HD-resolution video playback without stuttering or dropping frames. F/8 is slightly beyond the diffraction limit on the D5100, but our testing on SLRgear showed that the sharpness loss from f/5.6 to f/8 was very slight: So the slight softness here is almost certainly the result of the camera's low pass filter and its image processing, rather than any loss optically. In the D5100 the biggest pro is the image quality, which as amazing for an entry level camera at this price point. There is also an option to adjust the amount of "smoothing" that is applied to the boundaries between the two images, with selections of Low, Medium and High. Print QualityMakes excellent 24 x 36 inch prints from ISO 100-400; ISO 3,200 shots still have great detail at 11 x 14; ISO 12,800 shots make a good 4 x 6. ISO & Noise PerformanceVery good handling of noise vs detail to ISO 1,600. A useful trick is to just prop the camera on a convenient surface, and use its self-timer to release the shutter. You can, of course, view your movies on a TV -- either via the composite A/V Output, or on an HDTV via the Type-C Mini HDMI output. ISO 100 images make excellent 24 x 36 inch prints with great detail and color. Mouse over the links above to see how various levels of HDR affects our "Sunlit" Portrait shot and click on a link to get to the full-res image. Obviously moving subjects should also be avoided. This is fine if youâre trying to get an accurate exposure, however, in order to capture cool effects and freeze fast action youâll need to venture into more advanced modes. Nikon D5100 vs Z5. There are 9 ISO settings available on the Nikon D5100 and the ISO speed can be adjusted in 1/3 EV increments. The series of shots below show the effect of the various Active D-Lighting settings available on the Nikon D5100 on our high-contrast "Sunlit" Portrait scene. The choice of H.264 comes with the requirement of greater processing power, though -- not only from the camera when recording, but also when playing back or editing videos. We found skin tones a touch warm in our "Sunlit" Portrait shot with Auto white balance, preferring the Manual white balance results here, while in our Far-field House shot, Auto white balance was a touch cool. As can be seen below, the saturation adjustment worked very well, providing a reasonably fine-grained adjustment over a useful range of control. Red and orange are also pushed very slightly, but not as much as most cameras. D5100 Settings for Live-View and Recording Movies. Happy shooting! Since itâs hinged on the side, it can flip out away from the camera up to 180-degrees and rotate 270 â¦ If your subject is relatively static, you can instead opt for the Single-servo AF mode, which will still allow you to perform single autofocus operations during video capture by half-pressing the shutter button. To see how Active D-Lighting works with some positive exposure compensation (about +0.7 EV) with this shot, see the examples from our Nikon D7000 review below: As you can see from the thumbnail images and histograms above, higher values of Nikon's Active D-Lighting do a very good job at preserving highlights while bringing up shadows and deeper midtones, without making the image look too flat. According to the video announcement below the features were available all along but were just blocked by Nikonâ¦ Another feature that can help resolve audio problems -- and one that's extremely unusual at this price point -- is the adjustable sensitivity for the microphone. You can select either a start or end point for a video clip, and save the resulting trimmed video as a new file, and it's also possible to extract single frames from a video. Click on a link to load the full resolution image. city street-lighting at night. The D5100's Active D-Lighting worked better here, as the default exposure wasn't underexposed like it was for its "Sunlit" Portrait scene. Click on any thumbnail above to see the full-sized image. Digital SLRs like the Nikon D5100 do much better than point & shoots, but you still shouldn't expect a quick autofocus lock with moving subjects. Note that unlike in the D7000, ISO sensitivity and shutter speed must always be controlled automatically during movie capture. Ah, but there's the rub: The mic will pick up all sorts of background noise if you're not careful. Set the camera on 'P' mode. Here are the same HDR settings with our Far-field House shot. How bright is this? Fine details (the tree branches against the sky, for example) look a little coarser in the various Nikon renderings than in that from ACR/Photoshop. At default settings and base ISO, the graph shows 10.2 f-stops of total dynamic range, with 7.74 f-stops at the "High" quality level. ), Mouse over the links to see how the various levels of Active D-Lighting affects our "Sunlit" Portrait shot at default exposure. The average needed among cameras we've tested for this shot is +0.3 EV. The Auto setting did a pretty good job here. The noise thresholds are specified in terms of f-stops of equivalent luminance variation in the final image file, and dynamic range is computed for noise thresholds of 1.0 (low image quality), 0.5 (medium image quality), 0.25 (medium-high image quality) and 0.1 (high image quality). These are very good numbers. This is true at ISO 200 and 400 as well. ISO 3,200 makes a nice 11 x 14, with minor apparent noise in some shadowy areas. With this standard definition mode, recording frame rates are fixed at either the nominal 30 fps for NTSC, or 25fps for PAL. When the D5100's video output is set to the North American NTSC format, a choice of the nominal 30fps and 24fps movie recording rates are available. Extremes: Sunlit, dynamic range and low light testsVery high resolution with very good highlight and shadow detail. Press Menu button Go on shooting menu Select ISO senstivity settings Select ISO sestivity. With a pixel resolution of only 2.1 megapixels in the Nikon D5100's highest-resolution 1,080p "Full HD" mode, 0.9 megapixels in 720p HD mode, and just 0.3 megapixels in the standard-definition mode, images that would be unacceptably blurred as 16 megapixel still shots look perfectly fine as video frames. All in all, a very good performance here. Thankfully, the D5100 also provides for an external mic, courtesy of a 3.5mm stereo input jack under a flap on the left side of the camera's body. The Nikon D5100 does not offer a Kelvin color temperature setting as found in its higher-priced siblings. Note the use of the qualifier "useful" in there: While it's tempting to evaluate dynamic range as the maximum number of tonal steps that can be discerned at all, that measure of dynamic range has very little relevance to real-world photography. 2160 x 30fps vs 1080 x 30fps; Weather-sealed (splashproof) ... A series of photographs taken from the same position over a long period is joined together to create a short video. (Some interchangeable lens cameras we've tested use "fly-by-wire" focusing, whereby the focus ring only instructs the camera to move the lens elements rather than moving them directly via a mechanical coupling. Verticals in the scene will appear tilted to the right or left, depending on the direction of camera motion. RAW. AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR. The +1.0 EV exposure did the best job here, as the model's face was still a bit too dim at +0.7 EV. If switched to PAL format, the D5100 offers a choice of 25 fps or nominal 24 fps rates. This can at least be mitigated somewhat by use of an external microphone, and by adjusting the D5100's three-step manual gain control, however. Saturation. Controls on Your Nikon D5100 Digital Camera. Noise was quite low up to ISO 1,600, and even a higher ISOs there's still a lot of detail to work with when high ISO NR is set to "Off" (which still applies some noise filtering at ISOs over 1,600). Thus, hue-accurate, highly saturated colors appear as lines radiating from the center. Better than good condition, lightly used, Nikon D5100 Digital Camera body only, W/ battery, charger, strap. (You can read details of this test here. You can control the aperture manually with the Mode dial in the M or A positions, so long as you select the desired aperture before entering Live View mode. Indoors, incandescent lightingVery warm results with Auto and Incandescent white balance, though good color with Manual white balance setting. ISO 25,600 shows a lot more chroma noise, in the form of yellow and purple blotches which also darkens the image. It is great way to capture things like the setting sun, or clouds moving across the sky. Here are some examples of video from the Nikon D5100, showing typical results under daylight and night conditions. Dynamic RangeA key parameter in a digital camera is its Dynamic Range, the range of brightness that can be faithfully recorded. Live-View is the display of the data from the image sensor on the camera monitor in real time. Memory Cards for the Nikon D5100 â I just finished my in-depth memory card write-up for the D5100 which makes sense of image/video capacities, class ratings, speeds, best brands, etcâ¦ so check it out. Slightly above average exposure compensation required.*. Regardless of resolution and frame rate, recording times are limited to 20 minutes or four gigabytes per clip, whichever limit is reached first. ADVERTISEMENT Motion rendering is attractive and fluid with the 1080/30p modeâthe first Nikon DSLR to offer itâwith little artifacting or ghosting. The D5100 is a DSLR, while the Z5 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera.The cameras are based on an APS-C (D5100) and a full frame (Z5) sensor. Saturation AdjustmentThe Nikon D5100 lets you adjust the image saturation and contrast in seven steps each, brightness in three steps, hue in seven steps and sharpening in ten steps. Where The Wide and Normal-area modes are self-explanatory, providing two different focus area sizes, which can be manually positioned anywhere within the frame (and even moved during video capture.) Instead, autofocus during live view and movie capture is always performed using contrast detection autofocus, which operates based on data streaming from the image sensor -- the same technique referred to as Tripod mode on some models. Finally, at top right is a combined USB 2.0 data and composite video / mono audio output. too yellow, etc. Material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted or otherwise used without the prior written consent of The Imaging Resource. By incorporating the high quality 16.2 megapixel sensor, great low-light performance, and full HD video of the pro-sumer D7000, the D5100 â¦ Experienced videographers will find intriguing possibilities in the D5100's ability to control the lens aperture manually before capture starts, to accept an external microphone, and to adjust audio gain. We did not detect any significant banding issues. Sharpness & DetailVery good detail but a hint soft straight from the camera, with relatively minor edge-enhancement on high-contrast subjects. A typical computer these days has little trouble dealing with still images, but high-definition video can be another matter. The Nikon D5100 is the most advanced entry-level camera that Nikon has ever introduced. NOTE: This low light test is conducted with a stationary subject, and the camera mounted on a sturdy tripod. lighting. Resolution is an essential indicator of a screen's image quality, representing the maximum amount of pixels that can be shown on the screen. RAW vs In-Camera JPEGsAs noted above, the Nikon D5100 does a pretty good job at capturing lots of detail, but JPEG images are slightly soft at the default settings. To start and stop capture, you simply press the red button adjacent to the still image Shutter button, while live view is active. There are three sensitivity levels to choose from (Low, Medium and High), along with Auto gain, and Off settings. As noted previously, the internal mic has a tendency to pick up camera handling and autofocus drive noise on the audio track of captured movie clips, with the severity of this likely varying significantly depending on the videographer, and the lens model in use. AF-S DX VR Zoom-Nikkor 55-200mm f/4-5.6G IF-ED. The graph at right is from the same Stouffer 4110 stepchart image captured as a RAW (.NEF) file, processed with Adobe Camera Raw using the Auto setting, then tweaked manually. Complete extinction didn't occur until around 3,000 lines in both directions. easy for these "memory colors" to be seen as too bright, too pink, With true manual operation of its lenses, the Nikon D5100 doesn't have this problem, although it's possible that third-party or older Nikon lenses might produce audible noise while their focus was adjusted.). NEF files, however, are tagged so that Nikon software can automatically apply the effect when converted. You can, however, adjust exposure compensation, and use the Autoexposure Lock button to lock the metered exposure, even after movie capture has already started. The Nikon D5100 and the Nikon Z5 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in April 2011 and July 2020. The new Nikon D5100 DSLR is a full HD 1080p digital video camera for movies, special effects, high speed continuous shooting & in camera HDR. This software can see the Nikon cameraâs USB video feed (keep in mind no audio will be fed over USB) and then use it to make a virtual webcam option that can be used in various streaming and chatting applications, such as Zoom, WebEx, Twitch, Facebook Live, and more. Low Light. Click for a larger image. The net result is that you'll want a relatively recent and powerful computer to play full-res high-def video files from the D5100 on your computer. In the diagram above, the squares show the original color, and the circles show the color that the camera captured. Hue changes as you travel around the center. It's worth noting here is that ACR's default noise reduction settings reduced overall noise somewhat (see the plot in the lower left-hand corner) relative to the levels in the in-camera JPEG, which would tend to boost the dynamic range numbers for the High Quality threshold. Good wall display prints are possible up to 30 x 40 inches. Cameras performing well at that level should Here's a list showing what to expect for file sizes with the Nikon D5100's video recording: Nikon recommends using an SD card with at least a Class 6 rating to capture and playback movies. Of course, the impact of noise and detail loss are highly dependent on the size the photos are printed at, and pixel-peeping on-screen has surprisingly little relationship to how the images look when printed: See the Print Quality section below for recommended maximum print sizes at each ISO. Given that most users will likely be using the D5100's video recording for short clips of memorable moments, its tendency to pick up every sound is probably a positive feature. So, if you like to shoot time-lapse videos like sunrise or flower bloom, the D5100 is the camera to go for. (AVCHD uses a subset of the H.264 standard, which among other things mandates a limit in recording bandwidth, translating into a lesser ability to convey rapidly-changing detail.) Positioned as an affordable mid-range model, the Nikon D5100 includes a fairly sophisticated feature-set that offers significantly more creative control than in many DSLRs, while retaining some options that cater more to consumer needs. than found in the original subjects. This avoids any jiggling from your finger pressing the shutter button, and can work quite well when you don't have a tripod handy.). As you can see, the higher levels make quite a difference to the overall exposure by opening up shadow detail and toning-down highlights while at the same time reducing shadow noise, but lower levels of smoothing can lead to artificial looking shadows around bright objects or halos and glowing around dark ones. You can read the full review under the 'Equipment' tab at thediscerningphotographer.com The two cameras render color quite a bit differently, as you'll see. The D5100 also offers Full HD (aka 1080p) high definition video capture, ensuring that its movies -- all recorded using H.264/MPEG-4 AVC compression -- will look their best even on the latest high-def displays. We'd personally go the Adobe (or other high-quality third-party RAW converter) route here if we were concerned about making the sharpest-looking print possible from the D5100's files. Our test lighting for this shot is a mixture of 60 and 100 watt household incandescent bulbs, a pretty yellow light source, but a very common one in typical home settings here in the U.S. Outdoors, daylightGood color outdoors with very good highlight/shadow detail preservation. We used default settings for ViewNX. ISO 6,400 shots are pretty good at 8 x 10, better than usable. Saturation & Hue Accuracy Very good overall accuracy and saturation, with only minor shifts in hue and intensity. Click on a link to get to the full-res image. To insure that the hair detail we use for making critical judgements about camera noise processing and detail rendering is in sharp focus at the relatively wide aperture we're shooting at, the focus target at the center of the scene is on a movable stand. Picture ControlThe Nikon D5100 offers six preset "Picture Control" options. The higher resolution offers greater flexibility for cropping images or printing at larger sizes. The quality is the same as the D7000 and is as good as a majority of the digital cameras on the market today. Normally, there is a noise penalty to be paid for boosting shadows, but noise levels in the shadows are very low with this sensor (on both the D7000 and D5100), so increased shadow noise is not much of a concern here. Again, detail in the shadows was very good, and shadow noise very low. like their color a bit brighter than life. For a camera that scans video frames vertically (as all do that we're aware of), rolling shutter artifacts will be most noticeable for subjects that are moving rapidly side to side, or when the camera itself is being panned horizontally. At its lowest contrast setting, the D5100 did a really excellent job of preserving highlight detail, maintaining natural-looking skin tones, and bringing nice detail out of the shadows. The top left jack is the Accessory port, which allows geotagging of still images when a GP1 GPS unit is attached (not applicable to movies), or remote shutter release with the MC-DC2 remote cord. This not only provides greater depth of field at any given aperture, but is also more forgiving of diffraction limiting at very small lens apertures. We did notice the ACR 6.4 conversions contained more color moiré than the camera or ViewNX images, and it also produced some jagged edges in diagonal lines, so the camera's processing is doing a pretty good job. Also note the slight blue cast in the white trim of the house as the strength of Active D-Lighting is increased. To appear before 2,000 lines. ) good performance allow for precise tweaks the scene appear! And 35mm f/1.8 DX lens D5100 's noise performance is very similar to of! Showing typical results under daylight and night conditions ah, but aliasing artifacts begin to appear 2,000! 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